Microbial Biotechnology for the Production of Sustainable Biofertilizers: Challenges and Opportunities

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Jayashri P. Nanaware, Aparna G. Pathade, Prajkta S. Sarkale


The growing global population coupled with increasing concerns over environmental degradation and limited natural resources has prompted the exploration of sustainable agricultural practices. Among these, the utilization of biofertilizers derived from microbial biotechnology holds significant promise. Microbial biofertilizers offer an eco-friendly alternative to chemical fertilizers, enhancing soil fertility and crop productivity while minimizing adverse environmental impacts. However, their widespread adoption faces several challenges, including microbial strain selection, formulation development, application methods, and regulatory hurdles. This paper provides an overview of microbial biotechnology for biofertilizer production, highlighting current challenges and opportunities in this field.

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