Dental Office Waste and Its Risks on the Environment; a Narrative Review

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Ibrahim A Alawad
Abdullah Albawardi
Abdulrahman Abdulaziz Alshalan
Khalid Saud Alahedib
Mohanned Dammak Daabash
Waleed Mutair Almutairi


This narrative review examines the risks posed by dental office waste on the environment. Dental care generates biomedical waste (BMW), which includes various materials such as anatomical parts, needles, and infectious waste. Improper disposal of BMW can lead to environmental and public health hazards. Studies have highlighted the significant quantities of solid dental waste produced daily, with varying rates reported across different regions. Awareness of biomedical waste management among oral healthcare providers remains inadequate in many areas, contributing to improper waste handling practices. Biomedical waste segregation is crucial to minimize health hazards, and proper training is essential for healthcare workers to ensure compliance with waste management protocols. Mercury from dental amalgam, hazardous chemicals in X-ray solutions, and single-use plastics contribute to environmental pollution and health risks. Occupational health hazards associated with handling biomedical waste underscore the importance of implementing safety measures in dental practices. Additionally, the review discusses the need for sustainable practices in dentistry to mitigate the environmental impact of dental waste.

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