Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and its Components among Obese Patients in Sulaimaniyah City-Iraq

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Zanyar N. Osman
Rafiq MS. Rashid
Aveen J. Barqi


Background: Metabolic disorder is characterized as a design of unsettling metabolic influences, including central obesity, hyperglycemia, and hypertension. Objective: To assess the popularity of metabolic syndrome and its components in corpulent patients at Saholaka Polyclinic of Sulaimanyiah city –Iraq. Methods: One hundred admitted patients to the polyclinic of Saholaka were examined. It was started by measuring the weight and height of the patients. Next, each patient’s data were employed to the Body Mass Index. In addition to the preliminary result, the waist and hip measurements were taken to obtain the waist/hip ratio. Finally, baseline blood samples were collected from the patients who were instructed to fast and not eat since at least ten hours before the test to assist in obtaining accurate results glucose level, and lipids total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein, and high-density lipoprotein. Results: The existence of metabolic syndrome is 67% among the female group and 33% among the male group, which indicates obesity is higher among females by 34%. However, the difference without statistical significance equals to 0.17 (p = 0.17). The criteria of Metabolic Syndrome in obese patients were observed, and the conclusions came out as follows: HDL 73%, triglycerides 31.2%, systolic blood pressure 54.1%, diastolic blood pressure 34.3, glucose 30.2% and waist circumference 100%. The outcomes are not statistically significant (P≥0.05). The metabolic syndrome were diagnosed in 63.65% of the participants, most of whom corresponding to the female group. Conclusion: Metabolic syndrome is common in obese patients. It was concluded that proper measures should be applied in all healthcare levels to avoid and treat both metabolic syndrome and its components.

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