Comparative Study of Classification of Medical Devices in US, India, EU & Australia

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Natesh G.
Balamuralidhara V.
Ramesh Adepu
Gowthami K. R.
Deeksha K. S.


The classification of medical devices is fundamental to ensuring their safety and efficacy. However, these classifications vary between regions, impacting market access and patient safety. The primary aim is to compare and contrast the medical device classification systems in the US, EU, Australia & India to uncover both commonalities and differences, ultimately enhancing our understanding of global regulatory practices. The study conducts an in-depth analysis of regulatory documents and guidelines, identifying the key criteria, risk assessment factors, and classification processes used in each region. The study reveals that while the classification systems in the US, EU, Australia & India are all risk-based, they differ in the specifics of their criteria, risk assessment, and classification rules. The European Union's Common Technical Specification system stands out for its emphasis on clinical evaluation, while the USA's emphasis on intended use is notable. India focuses on the duration of use, and Australia considers both duration of use and invasiveness. The study emphasizes that although these systems have unique approaches, they share the common goal of safeguarding patient health and promoting innovation. Understanding these regional disparities and common principles is crucial for medical device manufacturers, regulatory bodies, and healthcare practitioners seeking to navigate the global market effectively. This study offers insights that can foster international harmonization efforts, enhance patient safety, and streamline market access for medical devices.

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