Study of the Distribution and Use of Spiny Capers (Capparis Spinosa) In Karakalpakstan

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Matjanova H.K
Orel M.M
Sharafatdinova R


With the development of science and technology - since the second half of the 20th century, as a result of increasing anthropogenic impact on natural ecosystems, many of them have been destroyed and replaced by anthropogenic landscapes. Due to the drying up of the Aral Sea, severe drought (water shortage) and desertification in the areas of Karakalpakstan, accelerated soil salinization led to the extinction of a number of wild plant species in the country. Some rare plant species have disappeared, some are under the threat of extinction. Especially in recent years, difficult climatic and soil conditions have developed in Karakalpakstan. As a result of the drying up of the Aral Sea, many adverse weather changes have been observed in recent years. Frequent occurrence of salt and dust storm sin the spring months leads to saturation of soil and air with various toxic salts. This-drought, soil salinity,air pollution-interferes with the normal growth of many plants. The dynamics of reduction of natural vegetation in recent years can be traced according to scientific literature: in 1978 (Yerezhepov, 1978) on the territory of Karakalpakstan 1200 species of higher plants grew. According to B. Sherbaev (1988) 1110 species of higher plants of Karakalpakstan. According to T.Otenov (2004), the number of higher plants in Karakalpakstan and Khorezm province is 979 species (Otenov, 2004).

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