Thermal Effects in Nanofluid Flow with Free Convection Boundary Layer

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This paper outlines the derivation of conservation equations relevant to nanofluid dynamics in the absence of a solid matrix and extends the analysis to include porous media saturated by the nanofluid in the presence of a heat source. Utilizing a Darcy model for the momentum equation, our study investigates the potential impact of introducing a Brinkman term on the qualitative aspects of the equations. Through this investigation, we aim to provide insights into the behavior of nanofluids within porous media under the influence of thermal effects.

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